Научный журнал “Вестник НИИ гуманитарных наук при Правительстве Республики Мордовия”
The journal “Bulletin of the Research Institute of the Humanities by the Government of the Republic of Mordovia”
Gavrilov A. P., Semenov A. S.
Introduction. The study of the Ryazan-Oka culture has been going on for more than 100 years. Its main area is the Middle Oka, with a significant trend of dominance in the Volga-Oka interfluve from the early centuries of our era to the middle of the VII century. This work is one of the first devoted to the study of the DNA of the Ryazan-Oka culture in the context of migrations and ethnogenesis processes. The authors make an attempt to apply DNA research methods to confirm the migration and ethnic processes tracked archaeologically.
Materials and methods. This work is one of the first to study the DNA of the Ryazan-Oka people in the context of migration and ethnic processes. The team of authors sets itself the task of finding a mechanism for the application of DNA research in archaeology and correlation of ethnic processes of the specified segment of the history of our country.
Results and discussion. DNA analysis of five Ryazan-Oka individuals allowed us to make conclusions about the following branches. Two individuals belong to the Siberian-Permian branch N1b and to the conditionally Caucasian-Volga variant J2a. The other three belong to the branches N1a-preL550 (2 individuals) and R1a-CTS3402 (1 individual), speak of carrier migrations from the Northwest and Central Europe. The N1b branch can be associated with native speakers from the Finno-Ugric language area, the R1a-CTS3402 branch can be associated with native speakers from the area of the Balto-Slavic languages. Branches N1b and J2a (the latter is quite characteristic of the Caucasus and the Southern Volga region) may be associated with post-Sarmatian migrations to the Volga-Oka interfluve, which gave impetus to the formation of the Ryazan-Oka culture. The N1a-preL550 branch correlates with the northwestern links of the Ryazan-Oka people, reaching as fur as Estonia and further to the Baltic.
Conclusion. The first study showed the complexity and diversity of the origin of the Ryazan-Oka people, and there were traces reflecting both the post-Sarmatian trace in their formation and the participation of the Eastern European population.
Acknowledgement: the DNA History of Russia Project would like to thank the Heart of Meshchera Project and personally A. Artyukhin and Yu. Belousov for their decisive contribution to funding of the research program, as well as V. Savransky, K. Neverova, V. Krupnov, N. Makogonova, K. Smetanin, M. Voinov, A. Molokova, S. Kovaleva, A. Simonov, M. Komova, A. Sheremetyeva, A. Semenov, O. Mokrushina, E. Oleinikova, N. Lipatnikova, O. Tinyaev, G. Tsvetkov for assistance and support in the research process.
Keywords: DNA, Y-haplogroup, culture of Ryazan-Oka burial grounds, Shilovo, Goths, ancient burials, Ugro-Finns, proto-Slavs
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The article was submitted 25.11.2022; approved after reviewing 31.01.2023; accepted for publication 07.02.2023.
Information about the authors:
Alexander P. Gavrilov, Professor of the Section of Historical Sciences, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (21/1 Sadovaya-Spasskaya Str., Moscow 107078, Russia), Head of the Department of Local Lore, Historical and Cultural Museum Complex of the Shilovsky District of the Ryazan Oblast (38 Spasskaya Str., Shilovо 391500, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Alexander S. Semyonov, DNA History of Russia Project (43 Leninsky Avenue, Moscow 119334, Russia), Candidate of Sciences in Physics and Mathematics, email@example.com
Contribution of the authors:
Gavrilov A. P. — concept development, archaeological data, conclusions;
Semenov A. S. — sample analysis organizing, statistical work, conclusions and scientific editing of the text.
Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.