УДК 94(470.43)



Original article


The Growth of the Public Significance of the Provincial Theater During the Age of the Great Reforms and “Samara” Seasons of P. A. Strepetova

Artamonova L. M., Guseva T. M.



Introduction. Theater was one of the indicators of the level of urbanization and modernization in Russia in the XIX century. The transformation of Samara into a provincial center in 1851, the preparation and implementation of the Great Reforms contributed to the social and cultural upsurge in this Russian province, manifestations of which were reflected in the appearance of a theater in this city. The first two decades of its existence are discussed in the article.

Materials and methods. The basis of the article was modern methods of biographical, local and new social history, the concept of modernization. The source base consisted of various materials, primarily the memoirs of contem-poraries and periodicals. The initial period of Samara theater history in modern literature is presented in general form. The works of local historians, articles on the social and cultural development of the region, summarizing works on the history of the Samara Volga region, are limited to listing already known facts. This necessitated a special appeal to this period in the history of the local theater, the brightest page of which was the performance of P. A. Strepetova on the Samara stage.

Results and discussion. The article shows that the Samara Theater from 1851 to 1871 acquired social and cultural significance for the city and the region. In twenty years it has become one of the best in provincial Russia. The most successful seasons are associated with the enterprise of Rasskazov, the bearer of the traditions of the Moscow Maly Theater, the performance of Strepetova with her partners in his troupe, and the influx of both educated audiences and townspeople from the trade and craft community to the performances.

Conclusion. The history of the Samara Theater in the third quarter of the XIX century was inextricably linked with the history of the country during the modernization leap and with the personal destinies of outstanding cultural figures. This theater and its audience created the conditions for the appearance of a new great actress on the Russian stage in the person of Strepetova.

Keywords: Russia in the XIX century, the Volga region, Great Reforms, social upsurge, modernization, urbanization, culture, theater

For citation: Artamonova LM, Guseva TM. The Growth of the Public Significance of the Provincial Theater During the Age of the Great Reforms and “Samara” Seasons of P. A. Strepetova. Bulletin of the Research Institute of the Humanities by the Government of the Republic of Mordovia. 2023;15(4):54—64. EDN TWXNET




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The article was submitted 12.09.2023; approved after reviewing 24.11.2023; accepted for publication 01.12.2023.


Information about the authors:

Lyudmila M. Artamonova, Professor of Department of Cultural Studies, Museology and Art History of the Samara State Institute of Culture (87 Frunze Str., Samara 443011, Russia), Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4584-6339, artamonovoi@mail.ru

Tatyana M. Guseva, Principal Researcher — Head of Department of History of the Research Institute of the Humanities by the Government of the Republic of Mordovia (3 L. Tolstogo Str., Saransk 430005, Russia), Doctor of Historical Sciences, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7417-6664, tatiana.guseva@mail.ru


Contribution of the authors:

Artamonova L. M. — concept development, collecting materials and analyzing the literature, writing the original version of the article;

Guseva T. M. — collecting materials and analyzing the literature, scientific editing of the text.


Conflict of interests: the authors declare no conflict of interests.


The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.