Научный журнал “Вестник НИИ гуманитарных наук при Правительстве Республики Мордовия”
The journal “Bulletin of the Research Institute of the Humanities by the Government of the Republic of Mordovia”
Ivanova G. S., Nikolaeva E. A., Belkina O. V., Saigutina K. I.
Introduction. In the modern Moksha language, two types of conjugation are distinguished — objectless and object. The object conjugation is characterized by the presence of subject-object suffixes expressing the person and number of the subject and object of the action. According to the object conjugation, only transitive verbs change, as well as non-transitive, acting in the meaning of transitive. In this article we consider the object forms of the past tense in the dialects of the Moksha language in order to identify dialect features.
Materials and methods. The material for the study was the dialect data collected from 2005 to 2016 in the areas of residence of the Moksha population on the territory of the Republic of Mordovia. The main research methods were synchronous descriptive and comparative methods. The first found application in the synchronous description of inflectional phenomena in the central, southeastern and middle Vad dialects of the Moksha language, the second was used in a more specific analysis of linguistic processes at the interdialectal level.
Results and discussion. The available factual material made it possible to carry out interdialectal comparisons of linguistic facts, which gave ambiguous results: on the one hand, this is the presence of homonymous forms that are characteristic of all dialects, on the other hand, the preservation (development) of individual formants as part of subject-object suffixes. Peculiarities in the agglutination of the indicators of the subject and object were revealed. The differentiation at the phonetic level, observed in the dialects of the Moksha language, affected both the root morpheme and the subject-object suffixes. The results of the study will find application in the practice of teaching disciplines in the dialectology of the Moksha language in the universities of the Republic of Mordovia, writing essays, term papers and graduation papers.
Conclusion. The prospect of further study of the problem is seen in a comprehensive study of the morphology of the Moksha verb in the dialects of the Moksha language with the aim of compiling the Moksha dialectological atlas, reflecting the specifics of the Moksha verbal inflection both in synchrony and in diachrony.
Keywords: Moksha language, dialect, verb, inflection paradigm, object conjugation, subject-object suffix.
For citation: Ivanova GS, Nikolaeva EA, Belkina OV, Saigutina KI. Specificity of Object Forms of the Past Tense in the Dialects of the Moksha Language. Bulletin of the Research Institute of the Humanities by the Government of the Republic of Mordovia. 2023;15(2):186—197. EDN MHRYQQ
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The article was submitted 30.03.2023; approved after reviewing 13.04.2023; accepted for publication 17.04.2023.
Information about the authors:
Galina S. Ivanova, Professor of the Mordovian Languages Department, National Research Mordovia State University (68/4 Bolshevistskaya Str., Saransk 430005, Russia) Doctor of Sciences in Philology, Associate Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7717-543X, firstname.lastname@example.org
Elena A. Nikolaeva, Associate Professor of the Foreign Languages Department, the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (36/3 Stremyanny Lane, Moscow 117997, Russia), Candidate of Sciences in Philology, Associate Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8366-3958, Nikolaeva.ELAN@rea.ru
Oksana V. Belkina, Postgraduate Student of the Department of Language Studies, the Research Institute of the Humanities by the Government of the Republic of Mordovia (3 L. Tolstogo Str., Saransk 430005, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1550-7368, email@example.com
Kristina I. Saygutina, Master's Degree Student, National Research Mordovia State University (68/4 Bolshevistskaya Str., Saransk 430005, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2660-7970, firstname.lastname@example.org
Contribution of the authors:
Ivanova G. S. — concept development, methodology development, literature analysis, writing the original version of the article, scientific editing of the text;
Nikolaeva E. A. — data collection, literature analysis;
Belkina O. V. — data collection and processing;
Saigutina K. I. — data collection and processing.
Conflict of interest: the authors declare no conflict of interest.
The authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.